Schizophrenia also is known as a mental disorder, is a chronic and several mental disorder that affects how a person thinks, feels, and behaves. An individual with schizophrenia may seem like they have lost touch with reality.
Although schizophrenia is as common as other mental disorders, the symptoms can be very disabling.
Symptoms of Schizophrenia
Symptoms of Schizophrenia usually starts between the ages of 16 and 30. In real cases, children have schizophrenia too. the symptoms of schizophrenia fall into three categories
- Positive category
- Negative category
- Cognitive category
The positive category represents abnormalities and the symptoms include:
- Psychotic not generally seen in healthy people. People with positive symptoms may lose touch with some aspect of reality
- Hallucination which has to do with low loss of reality
- Dullusion- thought, disorders or a dysfunctional way of thinking ( Movement disorder or agitated body movement)
Negative symptoms are associated with disruption to normal emotions and behaviors, the symptoms include
- Flat affect- reduced expressions of emotions and behaviors via facial expression or voice tone.
- Reduced feelings of pleasure in everyday life.
- Difficulty beginning and sustaining activities
- Reduced speaking
The ability to think logically and recall fast to relate. For some patients, the cognitive symptoms are subtle, but for others, they are more severe and patients may notice changes in the memory or other aspects of thinking. The symptoms include:
- Poor executive functioning – The inability to understand information and use it to make decisions.
- Trouble focusing or paying attention
- Problems with working memory- Inability to use the information immediately after learning it.
Causes of Schizophrenia
There are so many factors that contribute to the development of schizophrenia.
Scientists have uncovered that schizophrenia some times runs in families. However, there are many people who have schizophrenia who don’t have a family member with the disorder, and conversely, many people with one or more family members with the disorder do not develop it themselves.
Scientists concur that many different genes may increase the risk of schizophrenia, but that no single gene causes the disorder by itself. Therefore, it is not yet absolute concluded that genetic information or to use genetic information to predict who will develop schizophrenia.
Great thinkers ( scientists) also think that interactions between genes and aspects of the individual’s environment are necessary for schizophrenia to develop.
Environment factors may involve
- Exposure to viruses
- Malnutrition before birth
- Problems during birth
- Psychological factors.
Scientists think that an imbalance in the complex interrelated chemical reactions of the brain involving the Neurotransmitters ( substances that the brain cells use to communicate with each other) dopamine and glutamate and possibly others plays a tool in schizophrenia.
Some expect also thinks problems during brain development before birth may lead to faulty connections. The brain also undergoes major changes during puberty and these changes could trigger psychotic symptoms in people who are vulnerable due to genetics or brain differences.
Treatment and Therapies
There has not been any consensus about what actually triggers schizophrenia
- Antipsychotic Medications are usually taken daily in pill or liquid form. Some people have a side effect when they start taking medications
- Psychosocial Medication involving in social activities that improve your social and mood; attending schools, churches and avoid being angry or depressed
- Coordinated specialty care. This remedy combines all the therapies to proffer solutions to schizophrenia, that is to say, genealogical conclusion, antipsychotic and psychosocial therapy to address the chronic condition.