Symptoms, Cause, and Prevention of Cancer

Cancer is seen as any disease identified by the development of abnormal cells that separate uncontrollably and have the ability to infiltrate and destroy normal body tissue.

In this article, You will see more details about this trend called cancer  because it has eaten deep presently in the world causing death, pains to the society at large

A cancer patient should not lose hope because the survival rates are improving for many types of cancer with the help of improvements in cancer screening and cancer treatment.

Symptoms

Symptoms of cancer will vary depending on what part of the body is affected.

Some common signs and symptoms linked with cancer, include:

  • Fatigue
  • Lump or area of thickening that can be felt under the skin
  • Skin changes, which include darkening, redness, or yellowing of the skin, changes to existing moles or a difficulty for sores to heal,
  • Changes in bowel or bladder habits
  • Weight changes, including unintended loss or gain
  • Persistent cough or trouble breathing
  • Persistent indigestion or discomfort after eating
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Persistent, unexplained muscle or joint pain
  • Hoarseness
  • Persistent, unexplained fevers or night sweats
  • Unexplained bleeding or bruising

Causes

Anything that may cause a healthy body cell to grow abnormally can cause cancer. Many conditions can cause cell abnormalities and have been linked with cancer development.

Some cancer causes remain undiscovered while other cancers have environmental or lifestyle also triggers or may occur from more than one known cause. Some may be developmentally determined by a person’s genetic makeup, each of which includes a set of instructions telling the cell what functions to work, as well as how to grow and divide. Failures in the instructions can cause the cell to stop its normal function and may allow a cell to become cancerous.

However, it is often complicated to determine the initiating event that causes cancer to grow in a particular person, a study has provided clinicians with a number of possible causes that alone or in concert with other causes, are the possible candidates for initiating cancer.

What causes Gene Mutations?

Gene mutations can occur for many reasons, for instance:

  • Gene mutations you’re born with. You may be born with a genetic mutation that you inherited from your parents. This type of mutation tends to develop into a small percentage of cancers.
  • Gene mutations that happen after birth. Most gene mutations happen after you’re born and aren’t inherited. A sign of things can cause gene mutations, such as viruses, smoking, cancer-causing chemicals (carcinogens), radiation, obesity, hormones, lack of exercise, and chronic inflammation.

Gene mutations happen often during regular cell growth. Though, cells contain a mechanism that identifies when a mistake happens and corrects the mistake. Irregularly, if a mistake is made. This could cause a cell to become cancerous.

How can Gene Mutations interact with each other?

The gene mutations you’re born with and the one you obtain throughout your life work collectively to cause cancer.

For example, if you’ve inherited a genetic mutation that influences you to cancer, that doesn’t mean you’re certain to get cancer. However, you may need one or more different gene mutations to cause cancer. Your inherited gene mutation could make you apter than other people to develop cancer when exposed to a specific cancer-causing thing.

It’s not clear just how many mutations must grow for cancer to form rather it varies among cancer types.

Risk factors

While scientists have an opinion of what may raise your risk of cancer, the majority of cancers occur in people who don’t have any known risk factors. Factors that are known to raise your risk of cancer include:

Age

Cancer can take decades to grow. That’s the reason why most people diagnosed with cancer are at the age of 65 or older. While it’s more common in older adults, cancer isn’t particularly an adult disease — it can be diagnosed at any age.

Your habits

Individual lifestyle choices are known to raise the risk of cancer. Smoking, taking a different alcoholic drink a day or two drinks a day excessive exposure to the sun, being obese, and having unsafe sex can contribute to cancer.

Correcting these habits will definitely lower your risk of cancer — through some habits are easier to change than others.

The family history

If cancer is common in your family, it’s likely that mutations are being transferred from one generation to the other. You might be a patient for genetic testing to see whether you have inherited mutations that might increase your risk of several cancers. Always keep in mind that having an inherited genetic mutation doesn’t certainly mean you’ll get cancer.

Health conditions

Some chronic health situations, such as ulcerative colitis, can considerably increase your risk of developing specific cancers. Talk to your physician about your risk.

Your environment

The environment around you may comprise of harmful chemicals that can raise your risk of cancer. Even when you don’t smoke, you might end up inhaling smoke from the surrounding with people smoking or if you live with someone who smokes. Chemicals in your home or workplace, such as asbestos and benzene, also are connected with an enhanced risk of cancer.

Complications

Treatment of cancer can cause some complications, including:

  • Fatigue. People with cancer often have this complication, but it can be managed. Fatigue connected with chemotherapy or radiation therapy treatments is common but usually temporary.
  • Pain. Pain can be generated by cancer or by cancer therapy, however, not all cancer is painful. Medications and other methods can definitely treat cancer-related pain.
  • Difficulty breathing. Cancer treatment may be responsible for being short of breath.
  • Diarrhea or constipation. Cancer and cancer therapy can influence your bowels and cause diarrhea or constipation.
  • Weight loss. Cancer and cancer therapy may contribute to weight loss. Cancer takes food from healthy cells and denies them of nutrients. This is often not influenced by how many calories or what variety of food is eaten; it’s hard to treat. In most circumstances, using artificial nutrition through tubes into the stomach or vein does not promote change the weight loss.
  • Chemical changes in the body. Cancer can upset the normal chemical stability in your body and raise your risk of dangerous complications. Signs and symptoms of chemical imbalances might include excessive thirst, frequent urination, constipation, and confusion.
  • Nausea. Diseases like cancers can cause nausea. Medications and other treatments may help prevent or decrease nausea.
  • Brain and nervous system problems. Cancer can press on tissues and cause pain and loss of function of one part of your body. Cancer that involves the brain can cause headaches and stroke-like signs and symptoms, such as weakness on one side of your body.
  • Cancer that spreads. As cancer advances, it may spread to other parts of the body.
  • Unusual immune system responses to cancer. In some cases, the body’s immune system may respond to the appearance of cancer by attacking healthy cells, called a paraneoplastic syndrome, these very rare reactions can lead to a kind of signs and symptoms, such as difficulty walking and seizures.
  • Cancer that returns. Some cancer after treating terms to recur than others. Always confirm with your doctor about what you can do to decrease your risk of cancer recurrence. Your doctor may devise a follow-up care program for you after therapy. This plan may involve periodic scans and exams in the months and years after your treatment, to look for cancer recurrence.

Prevention

There’s no specific way to prevent cancer. But scientists have recognized ways of reducing your cancer risk, such as:

  • Stop smoking
  • Avoid excessive sun exposure
  • Exercise most days of the week
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Schedule cancer screening exams
  • Drink moderate alcohol, if you choose to drink
  • Ask your doctor about immunizations

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