Why Stroke Disease Is Harmful to Health
The issue of stroke has become such a very important topic in our world today. In fact, it is important to know that every 40 seconds somebody somewhere suffers a stroke and dies because of stroke. Stroke is a sickness just like any other sickness and can happen to anyone, at any age of. But it happens more in people over the age of 65.
It is a ”brain attack” and it affects the arteries leading to and within the brain. It happens when an artery that carries oxygen and nutrients to the brain is either blocked by a clot or ruptures; the blood flow to the brain is interrupted. When a stroke happens, brain cells in the direct area begin to die because they stop getting the oxygen and nutrients they need to function.
The good news is that when a stroke occurs, it can be treated through sn early administration of a drug called recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA).
An early administration of the drug means that the patient has to be at the nearest hospital where there is a neurologist and where there is the possibility of doing an urgent brain CT scan or MRI to differentiate between ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke- all within one hour of occurrence.
Types of Stroke
There are two types of stroke.
- Ischemic Stroke: This is caused by a blood clot that blocks or plugs a blood vessel or artery in the brain. About 80 percent of all strokes are ischemic.
- Hemorrhagic Stroke: This is caused by a blood vessel in the brain that breaks and bleeds into the brain. About 20 percent of strokes are hemorrhagic.
Risk Factors of Stroke
There are many risk factors for stroke. Some people will say; ”I don’t have high blood pressure, so I cannot have a stroke”. Some people may know that they have high blood pressure and some of the risk factors of stroke, but they try to deny or ignore the facts. Stroke is the third leading cause of death worldwide after a heart attack and cancer.
However, 40% of those with stroke are likely to die within the first 30 days, but 80% of stroke are preventable. Knowing about stroke and the risk factors can help you act quickly and save friends.
Some of us do not even know the risk factors or signs of a stroke, but hardly know the signs of a stroke. There is modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors stroke. One can reduce the risk of stroke by addressing these modifiable risk factors.
Modifiable Risk Factors are
High blood pressure which is the leading cause of stroke and the most important controllable risk, Heart disease like atrial fibrillation, overweight, cigarette smoking, high cholesterol, diabetes, too much alcohol, drug abuse like misuse of cocaine, physically inactive, poor diet, transient ischemic attack as stroke warning.
Signs of Stroke
The signs of stroke are distinct because they are sudden and they include:
- Unconsciousness or weakness of the face, arm, or leg (especially on one side of the body).
- Critical confusion, understanding speech or problem speaking.
- Problem seeing in one or both eyes.
- A problem in walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination.
- Severe headache with no known cause.
If you notice one of these signs, take the person to the nearest clinic where there is a possibility of doing a brain scan.
If you believe someone is having a stroke, that is, If you notice any of the above signs- if he or she suddenly loses the ability to speak, or to move an arm or leg on one side, or if he or she experiences facial paralysis on one side- you need to think fast because time is brain- there is a short period of time after the symptoms start within which serious damage can be prevented.
Take the person to the nearest hospital where there is a possibility of doing a brain scan. It is recommended that a bystander ask the person some questions using ”Fast”
Why is there a need to act fast?
Ischemic strokes, the most popular type of stroke, can be treated with a drug called t-PA that dissolves blood clots obstructing blood flow to the brain.
The window of opportunity to start treating stroke patients it three hours, but to be evaluated and receive treatment,patients need to get the hospital if possible where there are a neurologist and the possibility of doing an urgent scan( CTor MRI) within 60 minutes.
How can I Reduce the Risk of stroke?
The best treatment for stroke is prevention. If you smoke-quit. If you have high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, get them under control.
If you are overweight, start a healthy diet and exercise regularly. If you have had a stroke before, take your medications regularly to avoid reoccurrence. Recovery from a stroke depends on its severity.