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Know Your Hormones function


In the body structure, there are different organs and tissues which help in the daily functioning of the immune system.

Hence, hormones are chemical messengers that are secreted directly into the blood, however, carry them to organs and tissues of your body to exert their functions.

In this article, you will discover the types we have. There are many types of hormones that act on various aspects of bodily functions and processes.

Types of Hormones

  • Metabolism of food items
  • Development and growth
  • Sexual function and reproductive growth and health
  • Cognitive function and mood
  • Maintenance of body temperature and thirst

Where are they secreted from?

Furthermore, hormones are secreted from the endocrine glands in the body.

The glands are ductless, so hormones are secreted directly into the bloodstream rather than by way of ducts.

Some of the major endocrine glands in the body include:

  • Thymus
  • Thyroid
  • Adrenal glands
  • Pituitary gland
  • Pineal gland
  • Pancreas
  • Ovaries
  • Testes

These organs secrete hormone in microscopic amounts and it takes only very small amounts to bring about major changes in the body.

Even a very slight excess of hormone secretion can lead to disease states, as can the slightest deficiency in a hormone.

Hormones and diseases

In the other words, hormone disorders can be diagnosed in the laboratory as well as by clinical appearance and features.

Moreso, laboratory tests can also use testing bodily fluids such as blood, urine, or saliva for hormone abnormalities.

In the case of hormone deficiency, a synthetic hormone replacement therapy may be used and in cases of excess hormone production, medications may be used to curb the effects of the hormone.

For instance, a person with an underactive thyroid gland or hypothyroidism may be treated with synthetic thyroxine which can be taken in the form of a pill, while a person with an overactive thyroid may be administered a drug such as propranolol to counteract the effects of the excess thyroid hormone.

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