Effects of Hormonal Birth Control in Female Organ
There is more to hormonal birth control because it’s not only limited to the prevention of pregnancy.
Interestingly, hormonal birth control is very much effective compared to other forms of birth control, it’s not only limited to the prevention of pregnancy.
In fact, they can also be used to help treat other health concerns such as menstrual relief, skin changes, and more.
Nevertheless, hormonal birth control isn’t without side consequences. As with all drugs, there are useful effects and possible risks that affect everyone differently.
Birth control pills and patches are given only with a prescription.
Hormone Birth Control Are Available In Various Forms, Including:
- pills (or oral contraceptives): The essential difference between brands is the quantities of estrogen and progestin in them, this is the reason some women switch brands if they assume they’re receiving too little or too many hormones, based on the symptoms experienced. However, the pill must be taken every day to prevent pregnancy.
- ring: This is similar to the patch and pill, the ring also releases estrogen and progestin into the body. The ring is used inside the vagina so that the vaginal lining can assimilate the hormones. Rings must be replaced once a month.
- birth control shot (Depo-Provera): The shot comprises only progestin, and is administered every 12 weeks by your doctor. According to Choices for Sexual Health, the results of the birth control shot can last up to a year after you stop taking it.
- patch: The patch also includes estrogen and progestin, So it is placed on the skin. Patches must be changed once a week for adequate effect.
- implant: The implant includes progestin that releases through the thin rod into your arm. It’s placed below the skin on the inside of your upper arm by your doctor. It can last for up to three years.
- intrauterine devices (IUDs): There are IUD’s both with and without hormones. In ones that release hormones, they can hold progesterone. IUDs are inserted into your uterus by your doctor and must be changed every 3 to 10 years, depending on the type.
Furthermore, each type has related benefits and risks, although how the body responds is up to each individual. If you’re interested in birth control, talk to your doctor about which type is most effective for you.
However, effectiveness is based on how regular your birth control use is.
For instance, some people find it hard to remember to take a pill every day so an implant or IUD would be a better choice. There are also nonhormonal birth control choices, which may have various side effects.
However, no kind of hormonal birth control defends against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Make sure to always use condoms to prevent STDs.
Firstly, ovaries generally produce the female hormones estrogen and progestin. Each of these hormones can be artificially made and used in contraceptives.
More powerful than normal levels of estrogen and progestin stop the ovary from releasing an egg. Without an egg, sperm have nothing to fertilize.
The progestin further changes the cervical mucus, making it thick and sticky, which makes it harder for sperm to find its way into the uterus.
When using some hormonal contraceptives such as the IUD Mirena, you might experience more moderate and shorter periods and an easing of menstrual cramps and premenstrual symptoms.
These results are among the reasons why some women take birth control specifically for premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), a serious form of PMS. Some women with endometriosis also take birth control to ease painful symptoms.
Using hormone-based contraceptives can even decrease your risk of endometrial and ovarian cancer.
The longer you take them, the lower your risk becomes. These treatments may also offer some protection from noncancerous breast or ovarian growths.
Yet, disagreement remains concerning the possibility that hormonal contraceptives may somewhat increase the risk of breast cancer.
When you stop taking hormone-based birth control, your menstrual period will likely go back to normal within a few months.
Some of the cancer prevention benefits accrued from years of medication use may persist for several more years.
Reproductive side effects of when your body is adjusting to oral, inserted, and patch contraceptives include:
- loss of menstruation (amenorrhea) or extra bleeding
- some bleeding or spotting between periods
- vaginal irritation
- breast enlargement
- change in your sex drive
- breast tenderness
Dangerous but unusual side effects include heavy bleeding or bleeding that goes on for more than a week.
Hormonal birth controls may slightly raise the risk of cervical cancer, although researchers are unsure if this is due to the medication itself or if it’s completely due to an increased risk of HPV exposure from having sex.
According to the Mayo Clinic, a healthy woman who doesn’t smoke is unpromising to encounter serious side effects from oral contraceptives.
However, for some women, birth control pills and patches can raise their blood pressure. Those extra hormones can also put you at risk for blood clots.
These risks are even higher if you:
Being overweight is also thought of as a risk factor for high blood pressure, diabetes, and heart disease.
These side effects are uncommon in most women but when they do occur, they’re potentially very serious.
That’s why hormonal birth control methods require prescription and routine monitoring.
Seek medical attention if you feel chest pain, cough up blood, or feel faint.
Severe headache, problem speaking, or weakness and numbness in a limb could be signs of a stroke.
Estrogen may aggravate migraines if you already experience them. Some women also experience mood changes and depression when taking contraceptives.
Though, since the body works to maintain a hormone balance, it’s possible that the introduction of hormones creates a disruption, causing changes in mood.
But there are some researches on the mental health effects of birth control on women and their well-being.
Although for many women, this process of birth control can improve acne.
A study of 31 trials and 12, 579 women, looked at the impact of birth control and facial acne.
They discovered that some oral contraceptives were useful in reducing acne.
On the other hand, others may encounter breakouts of acne or notice no change at all.
Every woman’s body and hormone levels are different, which is why it’s hard to predict which side effects will occur as a result of birth control.
Sometimes, hormones in birth control cause unusual hair growth. More commonly though, birth control actually helps with unwanted hair growth.
Oral contraceptives are also the main treatment for hirsutism, a condition that causes coarse, dark hair to grow on the face, back, and abdomen.
Talk to your doctor if you feel that your current birth control isn’t right for you.
Some women experience changes in their appetite and weight while taking hormonal contraception.
Still, there are few studies or evidence confirming that birth control causes weight gain. One review of 22 studies looked at progestin-only contraceptives and found little evidence.
If there was weight gain, the mean increase was less than 4.4 pounds over a 6- or 12-month period.
Although hormones do help control your eating habits, so a change in eating patterns may affect your weight, but it’s not a direct cause of birth control.
Additionally, It’s also possible to experience some temporary weight gain, which may be the result of water retention. To combat weight gain, see if you’ve made any lifestyle changes after taking birth control.
Other side effects include nausea and bloating, but these tend to ease up after a couple of weeks as your body gets used to the extra hormones.
If you have a history of gallstones, taking birth control may lead to faster formation of stones. There’s also an increased risk of benign liver tumors or liver cancer.
See your doctor if you have severe pain, vomiting, or yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice). Dark urine or light-colored stool can also be a sign of serious side effects.