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How to Deal with Depression: Symptoms, Types, Causes, Prevention

A Depressed Person
A Depressed Person

Depression is a mood disorder. It may be described as feelings of sadness or loss of interest. Also called depressive clinical depression, it affects how your feeling, thinking and behavior and also can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems. People experience depression in different ways. It can affect relationships and some chronic health conditions. it is a human pain all experience occasionally.

Due to medical research, we can now diagnose certain states of depreciation. Depression may require long-term treatment, but don’t get discouraged. Most people with depression feel healthier with medication, psychotherapy or both.


Depression becomes a problem only when we neglect to deal with it depression may occur only once in your life, people typically have multiple events. During these events, symptoms occur most of the time, below are the listed symptoms.

  • Sadness, tearfulness, emptiness or hopelessness
  • Angry outbursts, frustration, even over small matters
  • Loss of interest in some normal activities, such as sex.
  • Sleep disturbances, including sleeping too much
  • Lack of energy or tiredness,
  • Reduced appetite and loss of weight  or increased needs for food and weight gain
  • Anxiety,  restlessness
  • Fixating on past failures or self-blame
  • Trouble thinking, concentrating, making decisions and remembering things
  • The sudden death of a loved one, suicide attempts or suicide
  • Unexplained physical problems, such as  headaches

For people with depression, symptoms usually are severe enough to cause obvious problems in their daily routines, such as work, social activities, and relationships with others. Some people may feel generally unhappy without knowing why.

Depression symptoms in children and teens

Common signs and symptoms of depression in teenagers are similar to those of adults, but there are some differences.

Depression can be hard to diagnose in teens because adults may expect teens to act unhappy. Also, adolescents do not always understand or express their feelings well. They may not be aware of the symptoms of depression and may not source for help.

  • Poor performance in school
  • Sadness and hopelessness
  • Anger and rage
  • Overreaction to criticism
  • Lack of enthusiasm, motivation or energy
  • Feelings of being unable to satisfy ideals
  • Poor self-esteem or guilt
  • Withdrawal from friends and activities
  • Sleeping patterns or Changes in eating
  • Substance abuse
  • Problems with authority
  • Lack of concentration, indecision or forgetfulness
  • Suicidal thoughts or actions

Depression symptoms in older adults

Depression is not a natural part of growing older, and it should never be taken lightly. Unfortunately, depression often goes undiagnosed and untreated in older adults, and they may feel unwilling to seek help. Not everyone who feels depression will have all of these symptoms.

  • Physical aches or pain
  • Loss of appetite, sleep problems, Fatigue or loss of interest in sex.
  • Often staying at home, rather than going out to socialize or doing new things
  •  Personality changes or Memory difficulties
  • Suicidal thinking or feelings.
  • Relying on alcohol and sedatives or Unable to concentrate.

When to see a doctor

If you feel depressed, make an appointment to see your physician or mental health professional as soon as you possible. If you’re hesitating to seek treatment, talk to a friend or people close to you, any health care professional, a faith leader, someone else you trust or any health care professional.

Types of depression

Depression can be categories depending on the severity of symptoms. Some people experience mild and temporary episodes, while others experience severe depressive episodes.

Major depressive disorder

A major depressive disorder is a more severe form of depression. It’s characterized by persistent feelings of sadness,  worthlessness, and hopelessness that don’t go away on their own.

In order to be diagnosed with clinical depression, you must experience some of these following symptoms over a two-week period:

  • Loss of interest in most regular activities
  • Significant weight loss or gain
  • Feeling depressed most of the day
  • Slowed thinking or movement
  • Fatigue or low energy most days
  • Sleeping much or difficulty in  sleeping
  • Indecisiveness  or loss of concentration
  • Feelings of worthlessness or guilt
  • Recurring thoughts of death or suicide
  • melancholic features
  • Peripartum onset, during pregnancy

Persistent depressive disorder

Symptoms must last for at least two years before the diagnosis to be made. PDD may affect your life more than major depression reason that it lasts for a longer period.

It’s natural for people with Persistent depressive disorder to:

  • Feel hopeless
  • Lose interest in normal daily activities
  • Lack of productivity
  • Have low self-esteem

Causes of Depression

It’s not known precisely what causes depression. a category of factors may be involved, such as

  • Biological differences. People with depression happened to have physical changes in their brains. Hormones Changes in the body’s balance of hormones may be involved in causing depression. Hormone changes can result with pregnancy or during the months after delivery (postpartum) and from thyroid problems, menopause or a sign of other conditions.
  • Brain chemistry. Neurotransmitters are naturally occurring brain chemicals that play a role in depression.  Research indicates that changes in the function and effect of these neurotransmitters and how they associate with neurocircuits involved in maintaining mood stability may play a significant role in depression and its treatment
  • Inherited traits. Depression is common in people whose blood relatives also have this condition. Researchers are working to find genes that may be involved in causing depression.


There’s no sure way to prevent depression. But this strategies may help

  • Take good care of yourself. Regularly exercise and get enough sleep.
  • Find ways to control stress and improve your self-esteem.
  • Get regular medical checkups.
  • Reach out to family and loved ones when times get hard.
  • Get help if you think you’re depressed. If you wait, it may get worse.


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