Each individual definition of normal bowel movements may be different. Some persons go three times a day, while some going three times a week. However, you may be experiencing the following symptoms:
Colon’s main function is to absorb water from residual food as it’s passing through your digestive system. The colon’s muscles ultimately propel the waste out through the rectum to be discharged. If stool remains in the colon too long, it can become hard to pass.
Poor diet often causes constipation. Adequate water intake and dietary fiber are very necessary to help keep stools soft.
Fiber-rich foods are commonly made from plants. Fiber comes in soluble and insoluble kinds. The soluble fiber can dissolve in water and produces a soft, gel-like material as it passes through the digestive system. Insoluble fiber retains most of its composition as it goes through the digestive system. Both kinds of fiber join with stool, increasing its size and weight while also softening it. That makes it easier to pass through the rectum.
Constipation is also caused as a result of changes in routine, stress, and conditions that slow muscle contractions of the colon.
Some common causes of constipation include:
- low-fiber diet ( especially diets high in protein like meat, milk, or cheese)
- lack of exercise
- changes in routine
- delaying the impulse to have a bowel movement
- certain medications, such as high calcium antacids
The following are some medical problems that can cause constipation:
- problems with the rectum or colon, including irritable bowel syndrome, diverticulosis or intestinal obstruction.
- several diseases, such as Parkinson’s disease, stroke, and diabetes
- hormonal problems, such as the underactive thyroid gland
- Misuse of laxatives (medications to loosen stools)